Austria, land of rich culture, has travelled a long way, from Austro- Hungarian empire to modern times. Austrian culture and society has been greatly influenced by wealth of music, art and literature. Austrian culture is a medley of intriguing customs, unrivaled tradition of classical music, grand literature and plethora of festive events.
Music is the soul of Austrian culture. Vienna is known as the European
capital of classical music and has long been an important center of musical
innovation. Austrian music has a long and rich cultural journey. Western
classical music originated from Austria. Earlier emperors and rulers
provided patronage to several composers and musicians. Habsburgs were more
generous towards music and musicians as they were gifted musicians
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Johann Strauss II, among
others, were some of the famous composers from Austria. During the Baroque
period, Slavic and Hungarian folk forms influenced Austrian music. Various
music forms popular in Austria are classical music, Landler, Yode, Alpine
New Wave, Schrammelmusik etc.
Inextricably linked to traditional way of Austrian lifestyle, folk dances
have always invoked interest in tourists. Most famous folk dance in Austria
is Waltz. Waltz first became fashionable in Vienna around 1780. Other folk
dances from Austria are Schuhplattler, Ladler, Polka. , Kontratänze,
Sprachinseltänze and Zwiefacher. Alpine dances are also popular in
Austria. Folk dances have been medium of joy for the Austrian. They have
been the source of enjoyment for them. Folk dance festivals are celebrated
time to time to continue the tradition of folk dances in the country.
Concerts are the part of Austrian music traditions. Famous concert halls of
Austria are Vienna Boy's Choir, Vienna State Opera, Conservatory Vienna,
Wiener Konzerthaus and Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. Vienna Boy's Choir is
the oldest among these. It was founded by Emperor Maximilian I for court
entertainment in 1498. Conservatory Vienna is unique combination of
tradition and innovation. Considered to be one of the world's best, it is
based on deep-rooted Austrian traditions, and yet, it doesn't hesitate to
Literature is inseparably linked to Austrian culture. Austria is motherland
of many of the great authors of the world. It has always been recognised as
the country of great poets, writers, and novelists on the global scenario.
Some of the great authors from Austria are Robert Musil, Johann Nestroy,
Felix Salten, Joseph Roth, Felix Salten, Peter Handke etc. Most of the
Austrian literature is in German and tells the story of Austria from the
Austro- Hungarian Empire to a member nation of European Monetary Union.